Religion and Holidays
Article 4 of the German Constitution guarantees freedom of belief. Anyone can freely have a religion, join a religious community, change or leave it, or decide to be non-denominational. The State must be neutral and tolerant of all religious and philosophical communities. In Germany, there is no state religion; this means that State and religious and philosophical communities may not enter into an institutional association with one another. However, collaboration between the State and religious communities is possible and religious communities are invited to comment on social matters, take part in committees and forums, and are consulted for advice.
In state schools, religious education is basically compulsory for members of the respective religious community; however, parents can opt out of religious education for their children. Non-denominational teaching of ethics is usual for students who do not take part in religious education. State schools may also provide education for students in ethical matters.
The largest churches in Germany are the Catholic and Protestant churches. They each account for around 30% of the population, with a different regional distribution. In Southern Germany, the Catholic church has a higher percentage; whereas in the north it is the Protestant church. Islam, in its various forms, is increasingly gaining in importance due to immigration into Germany; approximately 4% of the population is Muslim. Just 2% of the population belongs to various other religions represented in Germany, and around 34% is non-denominational. There is no strict division between church and State. The state revenue authorities collect church taxes that the Protestant and Catholic churches, the Jewish communities and a few small religious communities raise from their members. There are also a large number of statutory holidays in Germany based on Christian traditions.
Added to these there are holidays that only apply in certain federal states.
New Year = 1 January
Good Friday = Friday before Easter
Easter Sunday and Easter Monday = March or April
Labour Day = 1 May
Ascension Day = Thursday, 10 days before Whitsun
Whit Sunday and Whit Monday = In June
German Unity Day = 3 October
Christmas Eve = 24 December (afternoon onwards)
Christmas Day and Boxing Day = 25 and 26 December
New Year’s Eve = 31 December (afternoon onwards).
|Katholische Kirche Köln, Erzbistum||Marzellenstrasse 32 |
|Evangelischer Stadtkirchenverband Köln||Kartäusergasse 9-11 |
|Anglican Church||Bonner Str./Ecke Lindenallee |
|0228 3681 6598||www.anglicanbonncologne.de|
|Armenische Kirche||Allensteiner Str. 5 |
|Baptist Church||Rheinaustr. 9 |
|Russisch-Orthodoxe Kirche|| |
Neue Str. 1
|Neuapostolische Kirche Köln||Wickratherhofweg 22 |
|Alt-Katholiken in Köln||Jülicher Straße 28 |
|Roonstr. 50 |
|Islam Köln||Vogelsanger Str. 290 |
|Moschee||Eichhornstr. 2 / Ecke Friedrich-Karl-Str. |
|Buddhismus Köln|| |
Aquino Str. 27
|Kölner Buddhafield, |
Osho Uta Meditation
|Venloer Str. 5-7 |
|Hindu Temple |
HARI OM MANDIR
Afgh. Hindu Gemeinde in Köln e.V.
|Wikingerstr. 62 |
51107 Köln (Rath-Heumar)
|0221/ 8027814 |
|Sikh-Tempel||Kalk-Mülheimer-Str/An der Autobahn |
51065 Köln (Buchforst)